Braces are the most efficient and accurate way of moving teeth. They are fixed to the teeth for the duration of active orthodontic treatment.
Braces consist of the following components:
- Brackets are “handles” which are bonded to the outside surface of teeth.
- Silver brackets are the most common type, but gold brackets and clear brackets are also available.
- Self-ligating brackets have a mechanism which locks the bracket to the archwire without the need for modules or tie-wires.
- Archwires deliver the force to move teeth.
- Ligatures are tiny rubber rings or fine twisted wires used to tie the archwire to each bracket. The rubber rings are usually grey, but coloured ligatures have become popular.
- Bands are sometimes used on the molar teeth and are flat metal rings cemented around a tooth to provide a stronger means of attaching a bracket (or any other type of fitting).